Tuesday, May 24, 2011


Cattle pasture in Amazon
Deforestation for cattle pasture in Amazon - Photo by Rhett Butler

[URGENT: Please join the new avaaz sign-on letter. It is in Portuguese for Brazilian officials but you can easily enter your name, email and country. Please help the Brazilian forest defenders NOW.]

It is unknown whether the IBAMA raid and the killing of forest defender José Cláudio Ribeiro da Silva are related but, with a fierce Forest Code struggle raging in Congress, the general situation is at a flash-point.

It should be noted that the Brazilian government has been very lax in imposing punishment or collecting fines following these headline-grabbing raids. Excellent laws promulgated from Brasilia combined little or no follow-through on the ground is the recipe that created the present mess. For a truly sustainable 21st Century Amazon forest, governments will have to learn how to enforce the laws and farmers will have to learn how to obey them.

Here is the story of the IBAMA raid from Mongabay

Authorities launch stealth operation in Amazon after satellite images reveal deforestation
By Karimeh Moukaddem, mongabay.com
May 24, 2011

Brazil’s environmental enforcement agency busted an illegal logging ring following analysis of satellite imagery, reports Globo.

Illegal loggers managed to clear more than 400 hectares of Amazon rainforest in southeast Pará before authorities spotted the crime using Brazil’s satellite-based deforestation detection system.. Brazil’s environmental enforcement agency, the Institute of the Environment and Natural Resources (IBAMA), responded by dispatching agents to surprise deforesters in the act of clearing rainforest.

In its action, IBAMA officers confiscated a tractor used to haul logs and maintain access roads in the rainforest, two trucks used to transport illegally sourced wood, and 200 liters of diesel. The agency fined the owner of the equipment R$2 million ($1.2 million) for environmental crimes. Based on the equipment found, IBAMA believes that the perpetrators planned to high-grade and then clear-cut at least a thousand hectares of primary forest for cattle pasture.

IBAMA caught three men cutting timber, but as is often the case, a more powerful player—a local landholder wanting to illegally expand his property—had hired the men. Luciano Silva, the coordinator of this IBAMA operation, explained that after the forest has been cleared by workers and converted to pasture, large landholders, known as fazendeiros, will often petition the local Environmental Rural Register (CAR) and attempt to legalize their claims to the newly deforested land. Legally, if the connection between the fazendeiro and the workers clearing land can be proven, he can be fined R$5,000 ($3,100) for each hectare of destroyed forest as an accomplice to environmental crime. Such proof is rarely forthcoming, thus those providing the impetus for deforestation are usually not held responsible.

Also, given IBAMA's extremely poor track record of collecting fines—less than one percent between 2005 and 2010 according to Brazil’s Globo news agency—no one may be held accountable for this instance of Amazon rainforest degradation.

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